orthopedics and Traumatology
What are orthopedics and traumatology?
orthopedics is a branch of surgery that deals with conditions related to the musculoskeletal system. orthopedics deals with the occurrence, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of congenital and acquired disorders in the musculoskeletal system (bones, joints, muscles, and tendons).
Treatment of patients with orthopedic diseases is conservative (e.g., physiotherapy) or operative (e.g., joint replacement or fracture adjustment)
What is an orthopedic surgeon?
An orthopedic surgeon is a doctor, specialist in orthopedics and traumatology, who treats the musculoskeletal system's diseases such as bone fractures, worn joints, torn tendons, and tumors musculoskeletal system, diseases of the spine, surgery of the upper and lower limbs.
Orthopedists use surgical and non-surgical devices to treat musculoskeletal injuries, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders.
In his daily diagnostic and treatment routine, the orthopedic surgeon interacts with specialists from other medical specialties: anesthesiologists, surgeons, radiologists, rheumatologists, neurologists and neurosurgeons, plastic surgeons, and others.
What are the main types of conditions that orthopedists treat?
• Tumors of the musculoskeletal system
• Bone fractures
• Diseases of the spine
• Gonarthrosis and coxarthrosis
• Torn tendons
• Congenital anomalies of the musculoskeletal system
• Sports injuries
• Anomalies in the development of the musculoskeletal system
What are the main subtypes of orthopedics and traumatology?
• Endoprosthesis (implantation of artificial joints - knee, shoulder, thigh, elbow)
• Upper limb surgery
• Arthroscopic surgery - arthroscopy of the knee, shoulder, ankle and elbow
• Spinal surgery - endoscopic surgery of the spine, scoliosis, and surgery for deformities
• Pediatric orthopedics
• Sports medicine