Neurology (from Greek: νεῦρον (neuron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "science of") is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system (and previous divisions, the autonomic and the somatic nervous system), and all tissues are controlled by the nervous system, such as muscles. The neurologist is a doctor specializing in neurology and training for research, diagnosis, and treatment of neurological diseases. Neurologists can participate in clinical trials and research. Neurology is a non-surgical specialty. Her respective surgical specialty is neurosurgery. There is the best overlap between the fields of neurology and psychiatry, as the boundary between the two.
The history of neurology begins between the 15th and 16th centuries (Thomas Willis, Robert Whit, Matthew Bailey, Charles Bell, Moritz Heinrich Romberg, Duchenne de Boulogne, William A. Hammond, Jean-Martin Charcot, and John Hugglings Jackson). In 1894, the polish neurologist Edward Flatau published an atlas of the human brain 1894. Jean-Martin Charcot remembers one of the fathers of neurology.
What is a neurological examination?
Prior to the neurological examination of the patient's neurological examination (when this is used) and examination of the patient's medical history. The patient is then given a neurological examination. Review of a mental status check, cranial nerve function (including vision), as well as strength, coordination, reflexes, and sensitivity of the body and limbs. This information helps the neurologist determine if there is a problem in the nervous system and if there is a place to look. The location of the problem is a key issue for diagnosis. You can then receive additional tests to confirm the diagnosis and ultimately determine therapy and appropriate treatment.
In some cases, the neurologist weighs in the possibility of asking for additional diagnostic tests. We often use research in neurology, including imaging such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound of the blood vessels of the head and neck. Electrophysiological studies, including electroencephalography (EEG), needle electromyography (EMG), nerve conduction studies (NCS), and somatosensory evoked potentials. Neurologists often perform lumbar functions to assess the characteristics of a patient's cerebrospinal fluid. Advances in genetic testing make genetic follow-up an important tool in classifying owners of neuromuscular diseases and diagnosing many other neurogenetic diseases.
Some common conditions treated by neurologists include headache, radiculopathy, neuropathy, stroke, dementia, epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder,  Parkinson's disease, Tourette's syndrome, multiple sclerosis, sleep disorders. , neuromuscular diseases and various infections and tumors of the nervous system. Neurologists may also be asked to evaluate patients who do not respond to a life-sustaining agent to confirm brain death.
Treatment options do not vary for a neurological problem. It may be necessary to refer the patient to a physiotherapist, prescribe medication, or recommend a surgical procedure.
Some neurologists specialize in certain parts of the nervous system or in specific procedures. For example, clinical neurophysiologists specialize in the use of EEG and intraoperative monitoring to diagnose certain neurological devices. Other neurologists specialize in electrodiagnostic medical research - EMG and NCS.